SpaceX is going to launch its first two internet satellites – Microsat-2a and Microsat-2b, to provide wireless broadband service from space.
Reportedly SpaceX is just about to launch two of its space internet satellites with another Falcon 9 launch. The rocket vehicle will carry an Earth Observation satellite for Spain called Paz including two additional satellites to beam down internet connectivity into earth’s surface directly from space.
Two test satellites named as Microsat-2a and Microsat-2b are SpaceX’s first step towards connecting the whole world through a wireless broadband connectivity. SpaceX also want to send over nearly 12,000 internet satellite into space that’ll hover in the low earth orbit and will beam down super fast internet connectivity to antenna receivers presents at the earth’s surface.
The company has plans to launch around 4,425 satellites that will sit about 700 miles up, while 7,518 satellites will sit about 200 miles up and operate on a different radio frequency. You may already know that Satellite broadband is already available today. But it’s quite slow, much expensive and not really accessible to everyone and everywhere due to coverage issues. But SpaceX believes that their technology could help to provide more superior service at lower costs and it will also increase reliability, making satellite broadband available for anyone for day to day use. And as per the company CEO – Elon Musk, spaceX will bring satellite broadband coverage to basically at any region on Earth.
Though There is much complicity to accomplish this vision, none of the satellites won’t stay in a fixed position over the earth, so thousand of satellites need to be coordinated in non-geostationary orbit at all times. Moreover the internet satellites will be constantly moving from one position to another, so advanced technology is need to synchronize all of the receiving antennas for figuring out which satellite is closest and best to communicate with at the particular time.
Previously competitor companies like Google and Facebook tried to beam internet connectivity down to earth by using hovering balloons or even from drones. But the missions including Project Loon & many more wasn’t executed further for several consequences.
According to sources, spaceX has plans to use Ka-, Ku- and V-bands – with roughly 4,400 K-band satellites and over 7,000 V-band satellites. They had filled application to Federal Communications Commission as their mission needs access to part of the radio spectrum,the range of air wave frequencies that will be used to send the internet down from space. Sending all of those working satellites in orbit will help spaceX stake to claim the spectrums.
In a statement, after reviewing their application, FCC chairman Ajit pai said,“Following careful review of this application by our International Bureau’s excellent satellite engineering experts, I have asked my colleagues to join me in supporting this application and moving to unleash the power of satellite constellations to provide high-speed internet to rural Americans. If adopted, it would be the first approval given to an American-based company to provide broadband services using a new generation of low-Earth orbit satellite technologies.”
Ajit pai also said,”Satellite technology can help reach Americans who live in rural or hard-to-serve places where fiber optic cables and cell towers do not reach,”.
“And it can offer more competition where terrestrial Internet access is already available.” he further added.
Also spaceX has plans to launch its first operational satellites by the year 2019. As of now, The Falcon 9 carrying the Paz satellite including Microsat-2a and Microsat-2b is scheduled to take off at 9:17 AM ET (7:47 PM IST) from Vandenberg Air Force Base on Sunday. The live launch telecast would begin 20-30 minutes before the time.